I posted summary and detail SE% tables for all 169 hand combinations v 10 different opponent ranges in the Limit Holdem section - the link is here:

http://www.dragthebar.com/poker-foru...=6649#post6649

I thought it would be beneficial for new players to produce a simple Hand Range & Odds Chart (that you can build easily on Excel) to highlight the basics.

THE BASICS

There are 1326 hand combinations (if you include all the suits) and 169 hand combinations (if you do not).

1/1326 = 0.075% and this is the value of 1 hand (if we include all the suits).

There are 3 types of hands, each with a total number of possible combinations:

6 hands = Pairs

4 hands = Non Pairs (Suited)

12 hands = Non Pairs (Unsuited)

(There are 4 + 12 = 16 hands in total for each non-pair hand)

Therefore any hand combination will have the following % of total hands:

6 x 0.075% = 0.45% = Pairs

4 x 0.075% = 0.30% = Non Pairs (Suited)

12 x 0.075% = 0.90% = Non Pairs (Unsuited)

(The total value for a non-pair hand is 0.30% + 0.90% = 1.20%)

for example AA can be AsAh, AsAd, AsAc, AhAd, AhAc, AdAc = 6 combinations x 0.075% = 0.45%

The split of the 169 total hands for each type, ignoring suits, is as follows:

13 = Pairs

78 = Non Pairs (Suited)

78 = Non Pairs (Unsuited)

It is possible to work out the total range % for various combinations:

Pairs = 13 x 0.45% = 5.8% for 78 hands out of 1326

Non Pairs (Suited) = 78 x 0.30% = 23.4% for 312 hands out of 1326

Non Pairs (Unsuited) = 78 x 0.90% = 70.2% for 936 hands out of 1326

(The balance of 0.6 is roundings as I only went to 2 decimal figure).

CALCULATING RANGES

A 'range' for an opponent is made up of a combination of possible hands and you can quickly work out the range %. For example:

You put the opponent on 99+/AT+.

There are 6 pair hands (AA/KK/QQ/JJ/TT/99) x 0.45% = 2.70%

There are 4 non pair suited hands (AKs/AQs/AJs/ATs) x 0.30% = 1.20%

There are 4 non pair unsuited hands (AKo/AQo/AJo/ATo) x 0.90% = 3.60%

The total range for the opponent is = 2.70% + 1.20% + 3.60% = 7.50%

Note:

We could have used 1.20%, the value for a non pair hand, to work out the non pair range more quickly:

There are 4 non pair hands (AK/AQ/AJ/AT) x 1.20% = 4.80%

This is the same total as 1.20% + 3.60% for the suited + unsuited non-pair hands above.

We are used to seeing players with tight (around 10%) to loose (25%) to maniac (50%+) vpip, but are there any standard ranges that apply?

STANDARD RANGES

There are 8 main hand categories:

Pairs...................5.88%

Axs.....................3.62%

BWs....................3.01%

SC.......................2.41%

SC1 Gap..............2.11%

Axo.....................10.9%

BWo....................9.04%

UnSC...................7.24%

(BW = Broadway, any A/K/Q/J/T combination, SC = suited connectors)

A 10% (approx) range could be made up of Pairs, BWs and SC (11.3%), or the upper half of Pairs, BW and SC (99+/AJ+/KJ+/T9s-76s) for 9.8% or other combinations - as a range % increases, the potential for different types of combinations increases as well.

A player may also play different cards in different positions.

It is very important to watch the cards people play and also make a note of how active they are from various positions. Do the play Axs or Ax, premium pairs or all pairs, all BW or just BW headed by A and K.

There are only a certain number of combinations people can play - and showdowns provide a lot of information, so be alert at the table!

The 8 main Range Categories above total over 43% of all available hands (if an opponent is playing ALL of these hands he is very loose indeed) and Hand Reading is a simple art based on structured range analysis - it should become second nature with experience.

There are 169 possible hands (if you ignore suits) and you can use the Hands Ranges & Odds (or Table Monitor) Chart below as a guide to Hand Categories, use the 8 categories above or make up your own key groups - but preparation is important before you sit down at a table so that you know what to look for.

A 10% VPIP is tight, over 25% is loose and between 10% and 25% fairly average. 40%+ is a very exploitable fish type player.

When you sit down at the table, take you time and look at the hands people show, marking them off in your groups and you will start to build up a picture of their range and see how your picture compares to their VPIP. The picture you build will be very useful during hands you play against these opponents, because you will have a better idea if they have hit the board and can also use their betting patterns as an aid as well.

The Chart also shows the odds you need to play the hands if YOU hold those cards - and the preflop SE% v 1 opponent.

The chart highlights different types hands, made up of:

Any pair/Browadway/Axs are 20% (in Orange) and:

Suited Connectors, up to 3 Gap, are 10% (in Blue) and:

Unsuited Connectors, up to 3 Gap, are 30% (in Yellow).

The individual range for each group of hands is also shown.

You may be unsure about the odds you need for a type of hand you have. The table shows you the expected Showdown Equity % (or chance of winning) v an opponent with a very tight 7.4% range - for every group of hands, via a minimum and maximum limit.

For example, if you have 76s, your SE% is between 33% and 28%. The % falls from left to right for the hands listed, so you can make a better estimate of 30% because 76s is in the middle of the list. If you had 32s (at the end of the list), your SE% would be 28% and if you had T9s (at the start of the list) it would be 33%.

TheMINIMUM ODDSrequired to give the SE% against a 7.4% opponent's range is also shown - for the last hand in the list. For example:

32s requires at least 2.5:1 odds to have a SE% of at least 28%.

This rises to at least 2:1 odds for T9s at the start of the group.

(You can quickly find the odds by looking at the same value in a higher group where it is the lowest. 33% is slightly better than the 32%/2.1:1 for the last hand in the Axo list).

Therefore you have a quick and easy reference for any hand, giving SE% and the odds you need. These are ALSO the odds your opponent will be looking for if any of these hands are part of his range - useful information if you are in a hand against him.

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